Beginner's guide
LABEL
Kendo is not only a 5 minute fight between two men dressed in armor and armed with bamboo swords, shinai.
Kendo starts much earlier. Not yet knowing the steps, how you hold the sword or methods of combat, the first part of kendo is the teaching behavior, showing respect to the sensei, sempai, and współćwiczących.
Each entrance to the dojo (training hall) and the moment of his departure is preceded by a nod toward the center of the room.
The training starts in the collection as directed by the sensei or sempai seiretsu command. Set up by aligning the spacing distance outstretched left hand (holding the shinai).
After setting up the following command exercisers seiza - sit down sit down in Japanese. When sitting down trying to do it smoothly, silently, without leaning and special attention is paid to the order to postpone the shinai on the floor dojo there were no sounds of ... associated with the shinai dropping, shifting, turlaniem.
Sitting in seiza also draw attention to the alignment of their position relative to other, our knees and tsuba shinai should be on one line with the rest of the athletes (well, unless you are gathered in two rows)
After issuing the command kiotsuke zebrani sitting in seiza arranged his hands on his thighs in the following manner: put together put your left hand fingers (the outer side) on the fingers of his right hand junction (inside), so that the fingers overlap the entire length, and the thumbs touch the needle, the resulting "place an egg" should be strong enough so that the egg is not dropped out on the floor and at the same time careful not to crush the eggs.
We are ready to command mokuso - meditation. In the dojo where I train, the command kiotsuke not be issued. Predetermined position ("socket for the egg") was accepted after komeny mokuso.
Meditation allows us to clear your mind of distractions and prepare for training.
Meditation ends in issuing commands Yame (mokuso Yame).
Another label elemenentem kendo training is to implement a bow (bows).
The first of the bows are made in the direction of the central point of the dojo, to shinzen ni rei.
We put your left hand on the floor in front of you, we join the right. The space between the outstretched finger pointing (touching the tips) and the combined tips of your thumbs should form a triangle. Other fingers of both hands remain united and erect, przylagając to himself. Fold a tribute to maintaining a straight back, trying not to lift the hips. While bow neck and back form one line. Do not perform the same bow his head.
We stop in the bow position for a split second and then return to seiza. We put her hands freely on the thighs.
We turn then in the direction of Sensei and Sensei ni rei command we bow (as above). This time, completing it with the words Onegai shimasu, informing the sensei about your readiness to begin training.
TRAINING
Seize
One of the first problems they face rather sit by beginners, is a Japanese "sit" (seiza).
Japanese sit properly executed as follows:
- Assume the position shizentai
- Pulling back the left foot, kneel on left knee, leaving the rate set perpendicular to the floor
- Kneel on his right knee and both feet perpendicular to the floor
- We put both feet so that the tips of your feet touch the floor. Big toe right foot is placed on the left big toe.
- Leave the hips, sitting in the socket "between the sides parted on his heels
- Hands free to rely on the thighs
The distance between your knees should be equal to the width of one or two fists.
Shinai
The key to success in mastering the sword is the correct grip and position your hands on the handle.
The words of my master - shinai stick like an umbrella, not as a hammer! - Description of the arrangement are the quintessence of shinai in the left hand.
It's hard but every workout, at home, start with a feverish search for an umbrella and a hammer ... especially if you were to that found by us has a curved handle umbrella.
KATA (Nihon Kendo Kata)
Wodległych time used for training samurai swords wooden bokken.
One of the few forms of exercise has been the executioner. Based on the established systems of movements allowed, through an iterative exercise, improve technology and create your own fighting style in the use of the sword.
Each of the old school had developed its own kenjutsu kata system. He was kept in deep secrecy, both from other schools as well as from new adepts, until they have reached the required level of knowledge and skills.
At the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth century were created ten kata forms. They were based on different schools and styles of kata known so far.
Among the set of ten forms, seven - is a form with the use, by both fighters, long swords, 3 - the form in which one of the exercisers uses a short sword.
Kata forms are:
forms with long sword
- Ipponme
- Nihonme
- Sanbonme
- Yonhonme
- Gohonme
- Ropponme
- Nanahonme
 forms with a short sword (Kodachi Kata)
- Kodachi Ipponme
- Kodachi Nihonme
- Kodachi Sanbonme
Kendo Kata is performed in pairs - and Shidachi Uchidachi. Uchidachi, acting as teacher, initiating the attack. The response to this motion is scheduled execution by the partner, the role of the host student. Exercise training is accompanied by slogans issued by both parties. Uchidachi cry is Yah (read: me), but the answer trenującego it is the student Toh (read it).
In contrast to the forms of the Nihon Kendo Kata, where the practitioner, breaking with exercises performed shinai, using bokuto (wooden sword) to get to the traditional fighting techniques, Kendo Kihon Kata is a bridge between the training and practice kendo martial samurai sword.
Among the main objectives of the practice forms Kihon-training is to strengthen the belief that the shinai represents a real sword, and it trenig real fight.
Allows you to maintain and develop basic techniques that have direct bearing on kendo training. Develops, in studying the form, the ability to better understand the training Nihon Kendo Kata.
There is also a great tool for improving behaviors associated combat kendo.
On Kihon technique consists of nine forms:
- Ippon-uchi no waza: Men, Kote, Do, Tsuki
- Ni / Sandan no waza: Kote, Men
- Hirai waza: Men Hirai
- Hiki waza: Tsubazeriai hiki no penalty for
- Nuki waza: Men Nuki Do
- Suriage waza: Kote, Men Suriage
- Debana waza: kote Debana
- Kaeshi waza: Men, Kaeshi Migi-Do
- Uchiotoshi waza: For Men uchiotoshi
The hand-training, as in the Nihon Kendo Kata, one of the athletes knowingly makes a mistake or is forced to make a mistake activity partner.
The opponent exploiting this situation brings retort customs.
In contrast to the Nihon Kendo Kata where forms are made by a teacher - and student Uchidachi - Schidachi in Kichon Kata attack can be carried out by a Motodachi Kakarite.
Reiho.
Each exercise and every fight starts with a ritual bow and closer to the opponent. The following stages.
- Preparing Sageto. Posture erect, feet together, shinai freely lies in the left hand.
- Rei Bow
- Taito Dobycie sword and laying it on the left hip
- Sonkyo nuketo floating three steps forward, ending with a drawn sword sits towards the enemy.
- Hagime start fighting / training
- Yame end of the fight, exercise
- Yasume break, which we do not need to hold the shinai directed at an opponent
GLOSSARY
Ashi sabaki Steps footwork
Bokken (Bokuto) Wooden sword. Used mainly to practice Kendo Kata.
Chigiri metal distributor located in the handle shinai, to prevent shifting of the bamboo slats.
Chudan-no-kama basic standby position in which the end of the sword is aimed at the opponent's throat.
For Protective armor on the torso. During the fight - one of the objectives of the attack.
Dojo Gym (founding body a place where Buddha experienced enlightenment)
Wide pants Hakama in which they walk kendocy respectable.
Hidari Left side of such Hidari Men - Men's attack on the left side of the head of the opponent (see Miga).
Hasaki Acute side of the blade.
Arts Iaido drawing the sword.
Iaito Dull Sword training, used by practitioners of Iaido.
Jigeiko fight training.
Jodan-no-kama position of readiness, in which the shinai is held above his head.
Kama start position, for both offense and defense.
Kata exercise involving the repetition, role-specific patterns of movement. Allows you to improve your technique and style.
Keiko training.
Keikogi T (g) training.
Kendogu armor used in kendo, including Do, Kote, Men, and Tare.
Kensen apex, tip, thrust the sword.
Kenshi Kendoka / Kendoczka
Ki fighting spirit.
Kiai state concentration of enemy action or their own move. Yelling, screaming from this state of mind; expressing it.
Kodachi Short Sword (see Tachi).
Kohai less experienced or younger kendoka (see Sempai).
Kote Gloves protect your hands, wrists and forearms. During the fight - one of the objectives of the attack.
Men cover head, face, throat and shoulders. During the fight - one of the objectives of the attack.
Migi Right side (see Hidari).
Part of the sword blade Monouchi responsible for compliance with the proper cut; Shinai - and the section between kensen nakayui; Katana - a segment with a length of 10 cm from the tip of the sword.
Nakayui leather strap connecting (entwined) shinai slats. Located in two thirds of the distance (up) between the tsuba and the tip of the sword.
Hiding your sword to Noto Saya.
Nuketo Dobycie sword Taito position.
Osameto Return sword to the position Taito (in KAMA).
Rei Bow, to show respect.
Sageto standing position with a sword at the left side (of a deserted arm along the body).
Sakigawa Leather protective cap tip of the sword.
Samurai sword saya scabbard.
Sitting Seiza Japanese.
Sempai more experienced or older kendoka (see Kohai).
Shiai Competition, tournament.
Shin Rubber or plastic divider strips shinai, is under sakigawa, at the tip of the shinai.
Shinai sword used in Kendo. It consists of a bamboo or synthetic strips, interconnected parts of the leather.
Shinken cuts "Real", a sharp sword.
Shinkokyu Breathing Exercise. Performed in order to compensate for breath, calm down after the completion of training.
Judge Shinpan.
Shizentai natural, straight posture, providing relaxation and a natural willingness to comply with traffic.
Sonkyo starting position battle. Squat on your heels with your back straight behavior.
Sonkyo
nuketo garnish with a simultaneous position sonkyo dobyciem sword (from the position Taito), followed by transition to combat readiness (position kama).
Sonkyo osameto garnish sonkyo position with a simultaneous "storing" the sword (back to Taito), carried out after fighting / training.
Tachi long sword (see Kodachi).
Taito attitude of the shinai kept at his side, at the height of the left hip (tsukagashira directed at an opponent, the thumb based on the tsuba).
Take bamboo slats forming the shinai.
Tare cover the lower abdomen and genitals, worn to below.
Tenouchi "Secret" method of work the wrists and / or clamping a hand on the hilt of his sword at the moment of impact. Allows you to hit a given precision and strength.
Tenugui sling (worn under the Men).
Tsuba guard sword hilt which protects the hands, throat.
Tsuka sword hilt.
Tsukagashira bottom of the handle.
Tsukagawa handle shinai leather coat.
Tsuki Attack of the throat, esophagus. One of the objectives in the fight kendo.
Tsuru cord connecting Sakigawa and Tsukagawa. It symbolizes the upper (rear) part of the blade.
Uchi strike, cut.
Waza Techniques.
Leaving Yasume sword while reducing pressure on the opponent, or relax after completing the exercise;
Sword leave up to the knees slightly pointing it to the right (left knee an opponent), part of the cutting blade facing slightly to the left.
ID player Zekken attached to the Tare.
Zanshin's state of mind. Mental and physical energy, which allows to keep the mind and body in full readiness and focus, not only during the fight.
Zarei bow from a sitting position (seiza).
Numerals
spelling pronunciation of the number of observations
1 ichi ici
2 ni ni
3 san san
4 shi shi is in Japanese means death, so as not to cause the death of the forest the Japanese use the word yon (pronounced jon)
5 go go
6 years years
7 sieve instead Shichi Shichi nana is the most widely used, do not confuse with shi
8 hachi Haci
9 kyu kyu kjuu form of collateral - to mean suffering, so the Japanese shun her like shi
10 ju dżuu
OTHERS
formation of the shinai
 in the manual are used for manufacturing shinai bamboo shoots 3-5 years
 best shoots are the ones in the growth phase were tossed by the wind, the rain mokły, chyliły under the weight of snow shoots that have not tasted the hardships of life and grew straight toward the sky, will not inherit the privilege of becoming part of the shinai (the soon go into splinters ;-))
 one of the stages of preparation has already cut pieces of bamboo is its cooking, but not all end up in soup. Part of it is subjected to a longer drying process. Made with them shinai is valued by enthusiasts, for the flexibility of bamboo.
Japanese sword (nihonto, nipponto)
 traditional unit of measurement of the length of the sword is Shaku, it amounts to around 30.3 cm
Swords can be divided into groups, characterized by the length of the blade:
> 2 Shaku - long swords, daito
1-2 Shaku - Shoto, or wakizashi swords
<1 Shaku - tanto swords
Martin Wisnioś

Beginner's guide

 

LABEL

 

Kendo is not only a 5 minute fight between two men dressed in armor and armed with bamboo swords, shinai.

Kendo starts much earlier. Not yet knowing the steps, how you hold the sword or methods of combat, the first part of kendo is the teaching behavior, showing respect to the sensei, sempai, and współćwiczących.

 

Each entrance to the dojo (training hall) and the moment of his departure is preceded by a nod toward the center of the room.

The training starts in the collection as directed by the sensei or sempai seiretsu command. Set up by aligning the spacing distance outstretched left hand (holding the shinai).

After setting up the following command exercisers seiza - sit down sit down in Japanese. When sitting down trying to do it smoothly, silently, without leaning and special attention is paid to the order to postpone the shinai on the floor dojo there were no sounds of ... associated with the shinai dropping, shifting, turlaniem.

Sitting in seiza also draw attention to the alignment of their position relative to other, our knees and tsuba shinai should be on one line with the rest of the athletes (well, unless you are gathered in two rows)

After issuing the command kiotsuke zebrani sitting in seiza arranged his hands on his thighs in the following manner: put together put your left hand fingers (the outer side) on the fingers of his right hand junction (inside), so that the fingers overlap the entire length, and the thumbs touch the needle, the resulting "place an egg" should be strong enough so that the egg is not dropped out on the floor and at the same time careful not to crush the eggs.

We are ready to command mokuso - meditation. In the dojo where I train, the command kiotsuke not be issued. Predetermined position ("socket for the egg") was accepted after komeny mokuso.

Meditation allows us to clear your mind of distractions and prepare for training.

Meditation ends in issuing commands Yame (mokuso Yame).

Another label elemenentem kendo training is to implement a bow (bows).

The first of the bows are made in the direction of the central point of the dojo, to shinzen ni rei.

We put your left hand on the floor in front of you, we join the right. The space between the outstretched finger pointing (touching the tips) and the combined tips of your thumbs should form a triangle. Other fingers of both hands remain united and erect, przylagając to himself. Fold a tribute to maintaining a straight back, trying not to lift the hips. While bow neck and back form one line. Do not perform the same bow his head.

We stop in the bow position for a split second and then return to seiza. We put her hands freely on the thighs.

We turn then in the direction of Sensei and Sensei ni rei command we bow (as above). This time, completing it with the words Onegai shimasu, informing the sensei about your readiness to begin training.

TRAINING

 

Seize

 

One of the first problems they face rather sit by beginners, is a Japanese "sit" (seiza).

Japanese sit properly executed as follows:

- Assume the position shizentai

- Pulling back the left foot, kneel on left knee, leaving the rate set perpendicular to the floor

- Kneel on his right knee and both feet perpendicular to the floor

- We put both feet so that the tips of your feet touch the floor. Big toe right foot is placed on the left big toe.

- Leave the hips, sitting in the socket "between the sides parted on his heels

- Hands free to rely on the thighs

The distance between your knees should be equal to the width of one or two fists.

 

Shinai

The key to success in mastering the sword is the correct grip and position your hands on the handle.

The words of my master - shinai stick like an umbrella, not as a hammer! - Description of the arrangement are the quintessence of shinai in the left hand.

It's hard but every workout, at home, start with a feverish search for an umbrella and a hammer ... especially if you were to that found by us has a curved handle umbrella.

 

KATA (Nihon Kendo Kata)

Wodległych time used for training samurai swords wooden bokken.

One of the few forms of exercise has been the executioner. Based on the established systems of movements allowed, through an iterative exercise, improve technology and create your own fighting style in the use of the sword.

 

Each of the old school had developed its own kenjutsu kata system. He was kept in deep secrecy, both from other schools as well as from new adepts, until they have reached the required level of knowledge and skills.

 

At the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth century were created ten kata forms. They were based on different schools and styles of kata known so far.

Among the set of ten forms, seven - is a form with the use, by both fighters, long swords, 3 - the form in which one of the exercisers uses a short sword.

 

Kata forms are:

forms with long sword

 

- Ipponme

- Nihonme

- Sanbonme

- Yonhonme

- Gohonme

- Ropponme

- Nanahonme

 forms with a short sword (Kodachi Kata)

 

- Kodachi Ipponme

- Kodachi Nihonme

- Kodachi Sanbonme

 

Kendo Kata is performed in pairs - and Shidachi Uchidachi. Uchidachi, acting as teacher, initiating the attack. The response to this motion is scheduled execution by the partner, the role of the host student. Exercise training is accompanied by slogans issued by both parties. Uchidachi cry is Yah (read: me), but the answer trenującego it is the student Toh (read it).

 

 

In contrast to the forms of the Nihon Kendo Kata, where the practitioner, breaking with exercises performed shinai, using bokuto (wooden sword) to get to the traditional fighting techniques, Kendo Kihon Kata is a bridge between the training and practice kendo martial samurai sword.

Among the main objectives of the practice forms Kihon-training is to strengthen the belief that the shinai represents a real sword, and it trenig real fight.

Allows you to maintain and develop basic techniques that have direct bearing on kendo training. Develops, in studying the form, the ability to better understand the training Nihon Kendo Kata.

There is also a great tool for improving behaviors associated combat kendo.

 

On Kihon technique consists of nine forms:

- Ippon-uchi no waza: Men, Kote, Do, Tsuki

- Ni / Sandan no waza: Kote, Men

- Hirai waza: Men Hirai

- Hiki waza: Tsubazeriai hiki no penalty for

- Nuki waza: Men Nuki Do

- Suriage waza: Kote, Men Suriage

- Debana waza: kote Debana

- Kaeshi waza: Men, Kaeshi Migi-Do

- Uchiotoshi waza: For Men uchiotoshi

 

The hand-training, as in the Nihon Kendo Kata, one of the athletes knowingly makes a mistake or is forced to make a mistake activity partner.

The opponent exploiting this situation brings retort customs.

In contrast to the Nihon Kendo Kata where forms are made by a teacher - and student Uchidachi - Schidachi in Kichon Kata attack can be carried out by a Motodachi Kakarite.

 

Reiho.

 

Each exercise and every fight starts with a ritual bow and closer to the opponent. The following stages.

- Preparing Sageto. Posture erect, feet together, shinai freely lies in the left hand.

- Rei Bow

- Taito Dobycie sword and laying it on the left hip

- Sonkyo nuketo floating three steps forward, ending with a drawn sword sits towards the enemy.

- Hagime start fighting / training

- Yame end of the fight, exercise

- Yasume break, which we do not need to hold the shinai directed at an opponent

 

GLOSSARY

 

Ashi sabaki Steps footwork

Bokken (Bokuto) Wooden sword. Used mainly to practice Kendo Kata.

Chigiri metal distributor located in the handle shinai, to prevent shifting of the bamboo slats.

 

 

Chudan-no-kama basic standby position in which the end of the sword is aimed at the opponent's throat.

For Protective armor on the torso. During the fight - one of the objectives of the attack.

Dojo Gym (founding body a place where Buddha experienced enlightenment)

Wide pants Hakama in which they walk kendocy respectable.

Hidari Left side of such Hidari Men - Men's attack on the left side of the head of the opponent (see Miga).

Hasaki Acute side of the blade.

Arts Iaido drawing the sword.

Iaito Dull Sword training, used by practitioners of Iaido.

Jigeiko fight training.

Jodan-no-kama position of readiness, in which the shinai is held above his head.

Kama start position, for both offense and defense.

Kata exercise involving the repetition, role-specific patterns of movement. Allows you to improve your technique and style.

Keiko training.

Keikogi T (g) training.

Kendogu armor used in kendo, including Do, Kote, Men, and Tare.

Kensen apex, tip, thrust the sword.

Kenshi Kendoka / Kendoczka

Ki fighting spirit.

Kiai state concentration of enemy action or their own move. Yelling, screaming from this state of mind; expressing it.

Kodachi Short Sword (see Tachi).

Kohai less experienced or younger kendoka (see Sempai).

Kote Gloves protect your hands, wrists and forearms. During the fight - one of the objectives of the attack.

Men cover head, face, throat and shoulders. During the fight - one of the objectives of the attack.

Migi Right side (see Hidari).

Part of the sword blade Monouchi responsible for compliance with the proper cut; Shinai - and the section between kensen nakayui; Katana - a segment with a length of 10 cm from the tip of the sword.

Nakayui leather strap connecting (entwined) shinai slats. Located in two thirds of the distance (up) between the tsuba and the tip of the sword.

Hiding your sword to Noto Saya.

Nuketo Dobycie sword Taito position.

Osameto Return sword to the position Taito (in KAMA).

Rei Bow, to show respect.

Sageto standing position with a sword at the left side (of a deserted arm along the body).

Sakigawa Leather protective cap tip of the sword.

Samurai sword saya scabbard.

Sitting Seiza Japanese.

Sempai more experienced or older kendoka (see Kohai).

Shiai Competition, tournament.

Shin Rubber or plastic divider strips shinai, is under sakigawa, at the tip of the shinai.

Shinai sword used in Kendo. It consists of a bamboo or synthetic strips, interconnected parts of the leather.

Shinken cuts "Real", a sharp sword.

Shinkokyu Breathing Exercise. Performed in order to compensate for breath, calm down after the completion of training.

Judge Shinpan.

Shizentai natural, straight posture, providing relaxation and a natural willingness to comply with traffic.

Sonkyo starting position battle. Squat on your heels with your back straight behavior.

Sonkyo

nuketo garnish with a simultaneous position sonkyo dobyciem sword (from the position Taito), followed by transition to combat readiness (position kama).

Sonkyo osameto garnish sonkyo position with a simultaneous "storing" the sword (back to Taito), carried out after fighting / training.

Tachi long sword (see Kodachi).

Taito attitude of the shinai kept at his side, at the height of the left hip (tsukagashira directed at an opponent, the thumb based on the tsuba).

Take bamboo slats forming the shinai.

Tare cover the lower abdomen and genitals, worn to below.

Tenouchi "Secret" method of work the wrists and / or clamping a hand on the hilt of his sword at the moment of impact. Allows you to hit a given precision and strength.

Tenugui sling (worn under the Men).

Tsuba guard sword hilt which protects the hands, throat.

Tsuka sword hilt.

Tsukagashira bottom of the handle.

Tsukagawa handle shinai leather coat.

Tsuki Attack of the throat, esophagus. One of the objectives in the fight kendo.

Tsuru cord connecting Sakigawa and Tsukagawa. It symbolizes the upper (rear) part of the blade.

Uchi strike, cut.

Waza Techniques.

Leaving Yasume sword while reducing pressure on the opponent, or relax after completing the exercise;

Sword leave up to the knees slightly pointing it to the right (left knee an opponent), part of the cutting blade facing slightly to the left.

ID player Zekken attached to the Tare.

Zanshin's state of mind. Mental and physical energy, which allows to keep the mind and body in full readiness and focus, not only during the fight.

Zarei bow from a sitting position (seiza).

Numerals

spelling pronunciation of the number of observations

1 ichi ici

2 ni ni

3 san san

4 shi shi is in Japanese means death, so as not to cause the death of the forest the Japanese use the word yon (pronounced jon)

5 go go

6 years years

7 sieve instead Shichi Shichi nana is the most widely used, do not confuse with shi

8 hachi Haci

9 kyu kyu kjuu form of collateral - to mean suffering, so the Japanese shun her like shi

10 ju dżuu

 

OTHERS

 

formation of the shinai

 in the manual are used for manufacturing shinai bamboo shoots 3-5 years

 best shoots are the ones in the growth phase were tossed by the wind, the rain mokły, chyliły under the weight of snow shoots that have not tasted the hardships of life and grew straight toward the sky, will not inherit the privilege of becoming part of the shinai (the soon go into splinters ;-))

 one of the stages of preparation has already cut pieces of bamboo is its cooking, but not all end up in soup. Part of it is subjected to a longer drying process. Made with them shinai is valued by enthusiasts, for the flexibility of bamboo.

Japanese sword (nihonto, nipponto)

 traditional unit of measurement of the length of the sword is Shaku, it amounts to around 30.3 cm

Swords can be divided into groups, characterized by the length of the blade:

> 2 Shaku - long swords, daito

1-2 Shaku - Shoto, or wakizashi swords

<1 Shaku - tanto swords

 

Martin Wisnioś